Aquarium Water Basics You Should Know

Category: General Info 4

The key factor of the environment for your fish is aquarium water. But, many owners ignore this environmental element. In this article, we will help you learn how to not only provide but also maintain the ideal water conditions for your aquarium.

aquarium water

Ammonia Poisoning

This is one of the biggest killers of aquarium fish. You normally have to face ammonia poisoning when setting up a new tank. But, it may be caused by adding too many new fish when the filter fails because of power or mechanical failure. Once you see your fish are in distress or die suddenly, it’s time to consider ammonia as the reason.

Aquarium Algae

The fact is that every aquarium owner will have to suffer from aquarium Algae sooner or later. Some of them grow normally, but the growth is unsightly. Actually, it can be hazardous to fish as well as plants.

Aquarium Water Testing

Some people say that aquarium water testing isn’t necessary. But, some others test everything. It’s not easy to answer what should be tested as well as how often. When setting up a new aquarium, it’s important to test the water. It helps to avoid fish loss. This helps to ensure the continued health of your fish as well. To do this, you need test kits.

Cloudy Water

Many owners wonder about the baffling phenomenon of cloudy water. There are a couple of basic causes of cloudy water. So, you need to try to solve cloudy water. Most importantly, you need to determine the root cause in order to take the best steps to deal with the problem.

Do Rocks Affect Water pH?

It’s hard to know about the impact of rocks on water chemistry before you put them in the tank. If you use limestone, it can be able to cause for the pH elevation in your aquarium water. Limestone is known for the ability to both harden the water.

Also, it can increase the pH. In fact, placing limestone can raise water pH. In addition, to increase water PH, you can also place crushed coral or any highly calcareous material. Once your water becomes hard and alkaline, it’s time to test the rock. You need to make sure the rocks you will toss in your tank are safe for your fish and plants.

Do Water Changes Kill Fish?

The water change can kill all your fish. So, how to do water changes? You shouldn’t make a sudden massive change, especially when you didn’t do any of your water changes for months and years before. But, you still need to change your water regularly. First, you should just change less than 5% of the total. After a week, you can perform another change.

Go on doing this process for several months. But, you should raise the percentage of water changed slightly each time. By this way, you can make a slow change in water chemistry that allows your fish to adapt to without harm. When you are familiar with the water changing routine, you will have to take less time to complete.

Nitrite Poisoning

This problem is also considered as a major killer of aquarium fish. It can be able to make you lose half your fish to ammonia poisoning even all of your fish. The fact is that ammonia levels are increased, elevated nitrites also follow soon. In order to deal with this problem, you need to test your new tank when setting it up.

Nitrogen Cycle

This problem is also called cycling, biological cycle, nitrification, start-up cycle, the nitrogen cycle, or break-in cycle. Older aquariums also experience periods that the bacterial colonies fluctuate. It’s important to understand the concept of this. Also, you need to know how to handle critical periods during the nitrogen cycle. Just in this way, you can increase your chances of successful fish.

Phosphates in the Aquarium

This condition occurs every aquarium while many owners don’t know about it. If you don’t maintain the aquarium properly, the phosphate levels will increase. And, it will contribute to algae growth. This problem will be harmful to your fish. That’s why it’s important to find out the causes as well as the way to deal with them before they become harmful to your fish.

Water Changes

Many owners wonder whether they should change their water or not. This is another problem often passionately debated. Even when you see your water seem to be clear, you may still be shocked because of detritus when stirring up the substrate a bit. The debris may be the result of the food eaten released back into the tank. That’s why it’s a must when it comes to water changes.

What is pH?

This is one of the things that can make many owners cringe. You know, water is a combination of hydrogen and oxygen molecules. Neutral water comes with a pH value of 7.0. It consists of equal amounts of hydrogen ions as well as hydroxide ions. These values can be able to rise or fall. As a result, the water becomes more acid or alkaline.

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